68. Roman Ritual, title VIII, chap. The Verbum Catholic Software edition of the Vatican II Documents is the English translation published by Libreria Editrice Vaticana. And "they continued steadfastly in the teaching of the apostles and in the communion of the breaking of bread and in prayers . For this purpose the rites are to be simplified, due care being taken to preserve their substance; elements which, with the passage of time, came to be duplicated, or were added with but little advantage, are now to be discarded; other elements which have suffered injury through accidents of history are now to be restored to the vigor which they had in the days of the holy Fathers, as may seem useful or necessary. 63, new sacramentals may also be added as the need for these becomes apparent. Approved 2,319 to 2 and promulgated by Pope Paul VI on 28 October 1965. And therefore the liturgical life of the parish and its relationship to the bishop must be fostered theoretically and practically among the faithful and clergy; efforts also must be made to encourage a sense of community within the parish, above all in the common celebration of the Sunday Mass. English Latin, 9. The Function of the Blessed Virgin in the Plan of Salvation 55. A Summary and Guide to the Documents of the Second Vatican Council A collected series of articles written on the documents of Vatican II between February and October of 2010. To impart this instruction, teachers are to be carefully trained and put in charge of the teaching of sacred music. By this, means the time of the catechumenate, which is intended as a period of suitable instruction, may be sanctified by sacred rites to be celebrated at successive intervals of time. Such participation by the Christian people as "a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a redeemed people (1 Pet. The Vatican II Documents are essential for understanding the last 50 yearsâ spirited, and sometimes contentious, conversations within Catholicism. We have seen such ongoing changes with the new translation of the Roman Missal and the wider use of the Extraordinary Form of the Mass (Latin). 20. Cf. Priests, both secular and religious, who are already working in the Lord's vineyard are to be helped by every suitable means to understand ever more fully what it is that they are doing when they perform sacred rites; they are to be aided to live the liturgical life and to share it with the faithful entrusted to their care. Decree on the Bishops’ Pastoral Office in the Church. The Church, therefore, earnestly desires that Christ's faithful, when present at this mystery of faith, should not be there as strangers or silent spectators; on the contrary, through a good understanding of the rites and prayers they should take part in the sacred action conscious of what they are doing, with devotion and full collaboration. https://thecatholicspirit.com/news/local-news/ad-limina-blog, Quick summaries of Vatican II’s 16 documents, Vatican II at 50: For Twin Cities Catholics, council continues to stir faith and heat emotions, Archdiocese well positioned to carry out Vatican II, Tommies fall to Mount Union in Division III championship. Vatican II Opened Under Pope John XXIII in 1962 Closed by Pope Paul VI in 1965 . Let bishops carefully remove from the house of God and from other sacred places those works of artists which are repugnant to faith, morals, and Christian piety, and which offend true religious sense either by depraved forms or by lack of artistic worth, mediocrity and pretense. From this it follows that every liturgical celebration, because it is an action of Christ the priest and of His Body which is the Church, is a sacred action surpassing all others; no other action of the Church can equal its efficacy by the same title and to the same degree. Early in the game, another view emerged as a competitor to the emphasis on the councilâs actual decisions. That the intimate connection between words and rites may be apparent in the liturgy: 1) In sacred celebrations there is to be more reading from holy scripture, and it is to be more varied and suitable. 128. Tavard, George H. De Divina Revelatione: The Dogmatic Constitution on Divine Revelation of Vatican Council , Promulgated by Pope Paul Vi, November 18, 1965. 22, 52, of this Constitution is free to draw up its own rite suited to the usages of place and people, according to the provision of Art. The Vatican II Documents are essential for understanding the spirited, and sometimes contentious, conversations within Catholicism for the last fifty years. He was also full of love, tremendous love for â¦ 52. Laws which seem less suited to the reformed liturgy are to be brought into harmony with it, or else abolished; and any which are helpful are to be retained if already in use, or introduced where they are lacking. In her the Church holds up and admires the most excellent fruit of the redemption, and joyfully contemplates, as in a faultless image, that which she herself desires and hopes wholly to be. It urged conferences of bishops to exercise pastoral direction jointly. 18. English Latin, CONSTITUTIONON THE SACRED LITURGYSACROSANCTUM CONCILIUMSOLEMNLY PROMULGATED BYHIS HOLINESS. 36. Because the purpose of the office is to sanctify the day, the traditional sequence of the hours is to be restored so that once again they may be genuinely related to the time of the day when they are prayed, as far as this may be possible. At the Last Supper, on the night when He was betrayed, our Saviour instituted the eucharistic sacrifice of His Body and Blood. 2. When a bishop is consecrated, the laying of hands may be done by all the bishops present. And the laity, too, are encouraged to recite the divine office, either with the priests, or among themselves, or even individually. 86. These three commissions must work in closest collaboration; indeed it will often be best to fuse the three of them into one single commission. Dogmatic Constitution on Divine Revelation. And a new rite is to be drawn up for converts who have already been validly baptized; it should indicate that they are now admitted to communion with the Church. 55. He is present in His word, since it is He Himself who speaks when the holy scriptures are read in the Church. 8. 90. Unitatis Redintegratio, Decree On Ecumenism. 84. It stated that variety within the church does not harm its unity and that Eastern Catholic churches should retain their own traditions. Among these principles and norms there are some which can and should be applied both to the Roman rite and also to all the other rites. While the liturgy daily builds up those who are within into a holy temple of the Lord, into a dwelling place for God in the Spirit (3), to the mature measure of the fullness of Christ (4), at the same time it marvelously strengthens their power to preach Christ, and thus shows forth the Church to those who are outside as a sign lifted up among the nations (5) under which the scattered children of God may be gathered together (6), until there is one sheepfold and one shepherd (7). Zeal for the promotion and restoration of the liturgy is rightly held to be a sign of the providential dispositions of God in our time, as a movement of the Holy Spirit in His Church. 35. 2. 71. By them men are disposed to receive the chief effect of the sacraments, and various occasions in life are rendered holy. “Gravissimum Educationis,” Oct. 28, 1965. The Church acknowledges Gregorian chant as specially suited to the Roman liturgy: therefore, other things being equal, it should be given pride of place in liturgical services. It's "the world together with the church." Both the ceremonies and texts of the ordination rites are to be revised. e) In choir the hours of Terce, Sext, and None are to be observed. It was preceded by the revival of Gregorian Chant in the 1800s by the Abbey of Solemnes, the renewal of the Liturgy of the Hours by Pope St. Pius X, and of the liturgies of Holy Week by Pope Pius XII. That is why the apostles, instituting deacons, said: "We will devote ourselves to prayer and to the ministry of the word" (Acts 6:4). Secret of the ninth Sunday after Pentecost. His purpose also was that they might accomplish the work of salvation which they had proclaimed, by means of sacrifice and sacraments, around which the entire liturgical life revolves. There is hardly any proper use of material things which cannot thus be directed toward the sanctification of men and the praise of God. Therefore liturgical services pertain to the whole body of the Church; they manifest it and have effects upon it; but they concern the individual members of the Church in different ways, according to their differing rank, office, and actual participation. Very rightly the fine arts are considered to rank among the noblest activities of man's genius, and this applies especially to religious art and to its highest achievement, which is sacred art. "If any regions are wont to use other praiseworthy customs and ceremonies when celebrating the sacrament of matrimony, the sacred Synod earnestly desires that these by all means be retained" (41). Pastors of souls must therefore realize that, when the liturgy is celebrated, something more is required than the mere observation of the laws governing valid and licit celebration; it is their duty also to ensure that the faithful take part fully aware of what they are doing, actively engaged in the rite, and enriched by its effects. These norms being observed, it is for the competent territorial ecclesiastical authority mentioned in Art. Professors who are appointed to teach liturgy in seminaries, religious houses of study, and theological faculties must be properly trained for their work in institutes which specialize in this subject. 36. b) In harmony with the new edition of the Roman Ritual, particular rituals shall be prepared without delay by the competent territorial ecclesiastical authority mentioned in Art. ISBN: 0918344379 The best English translation of the documents of the Second Vatican Council. This twofold character is to be brought into greater prominence both in the liturgy and by liturgical catechesis. The treasures of the bible are to be opened up more lavishly, so that richer fare may be provided for the faithful at the table of God's word. Later in 1999, the Consequently they must all be deeply imbued with the spirit of the liturgy, each in his own measure, and they must be trained to perform their functions in a correct and orderly manner. In particular cases, and for a just reason, ordinaries can dispense their subjects wholly or in part from the obligation of reciting the divine office, or may commute the obligation. Therefore no other person, even if he be a priest, may add, remove, or change anything in the liturgy on his own authority. According to the norm of Art. Religious singing by the people is to be intelligently fostered so that in devotions and sacred exercises, as also during liturgical services, the voices of the faithful may ring out according to the norms and requirements of the rubrics. The mission of this website is to promote and explain the teaching of the Second Vatican Council (1962-65) which was the most significant event in the modern era of the Catholic Church. Second Vatican Council, also called Vatican II, (1962â65), 21st ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church, announced by Pope John XXIII on January 25, 1959, as a means of spiritual renewal for the church and as an occasion for Christians separated from Rome to join in a search for Christian unity. 21. Soc. Under the direction of the above-mentioned territorial ecclesiastical authority the commission is to regulate pastoral-liturgical action throughout the territory, and to promote studies and necessary experiments whenever there is question of adaptations to be proposed to the Apostolic See. “Apostolicam Actuositatem,” Nov. 18, 1965. 40 of this Constitution is to be observed. 62. They do indeed impart grace, but, in addition, the very act of celebrating them most effectively disposes the faithful to receive this grace in a fruitful manner, to worship God duly, and to practice charity. But outside choir it will be lawful to select any one of these three, according to the respective time of the day. The art of our own days, coming from every race and region, shall also be given free scope in the Church, provided that it adorns the sacred buildings and holy rites with due reverence and honor; thereby it is enabled to contribute its own voice to that wonderful chorus of praise in honor of the Catholic faith sung by great men in times gone by. Art. English Latin, 16. Mohlberg), n. 1265; cf. With the passage of time, however, there have crept into the rites of the sacraments and sacramentals certain features which have rendered their nature and purpose far from clear to the people of today; hence some changes have become necessary to adapt them to the needs of our own times. 48. By a tradition handed down from the apostles which took its origin from the very day of Christ's resurrection, the Church celebrates the paschal mystery every eighth day; with good reason this, then, bears the name of the Lord's day or Sunday. Read the words. 1. 3. 35. 50 Years of the Modernist Juggernaut Vatican II: The Documents Examined Bp. d) The hour of Prime is to be suppressed. Therefore, the proper of the time shall be given the preference which is its due over the feasts of the saints, so that the entire cycle of the mysteries of salvation may be suitably recalled. 33. Wherefore it has pleased the Fathers to issue the following decrees on these matters. 77. 80. 73. 125. 16. The Sixteen Documents and their Consequences* CONSTITUTION ON THE LITURGY. Moreover, other professors, while striving to expound the mystery of Christ and the history of salvation from the angle proper to each of their own subjects, must nevertheless do so in a way which will clearly bring out the connection between their subjects and the liturgy, as also the unity which underlies all priestly training. 54; for the sacraments, Art. From that time onwards the Church has never failed to come together to celebrate the paschal mystery: reading those things "which were in all the scriptures concerning him" (Luke 24:27), celebrating the eucharist in which "the victory and triumph of his death are again made present" (19), and at the same time giving thanks "to God for his unspeakable gift" (2 Cor. This He did that, by preaching the gospel to every creature (14), they might proclaim that the Son of God, by His death and resurrection, had freed us from the power of Satan (15) and from death, and brought us into the kingdom of His Father. Christ Jesus, high priest of the new and eternal covenant, taking human nature, introduced into this earthly exile that hymn which is sung throughout all ages in the halls of heaven. 25. It is therefore of the highest importance that the faithful should easily understand the sacramental signs, and should frequent with great eagerness those sacraments which were instituted to nourish the Christian life. Vatican II Documents - from Vatican II, An Event of Grace - link via Broken Bay Institute eConference) Ten achievements of Vatican II (by Berard Doerger, OFM. November 17 to December 7: First voting. Finally, in the various seasons of the year and according to her traditional discipline, the Church completes the formation of the faithful by means of pious practices for soul and body, by instruction, prayer, and works of penance and of mercy. But how are they to believe him whom they have not heard? Matrimony is normally to be celebrated within the Mass, after the reading of the gospel and the homily, and before "the prayer of the faithful." In revising the Roman office, its ancient and venerable treasures are to be so adapted that all those to whom they are handed on may more extensively and easily draw profit from them. Prayer before the second lesson for Holy Saturday, as it was in the Roman Missal before the restoration of Holy Week. Gravissimum Educationis, Declaration On Christian Education. And how are they to hear if no one preaches? 9. For the same reason every diocese is to have a commission on the sacred liturgy under the direction of the bishop, for promoting the liturgical apostolate. Wherefore, in the revision of the liturgy, the following general norms should be observed: 34. Holy Mother Church has therefore always been the friend of the fine arts and has ever sought their noble help, with the special aim that all things set apart for use in divine worship should be truly worthy, becoming, and beautiful, signs and symbols of the supernatural world, and for this purpose she has trained artists. 3) Instruction which is more explicitly liturgical should also be given in a variety of ways; if necessary, short directives to be spoken by the priest or proper minister should be provided within the rites themselves. Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World. 89. 106. It affirmed the right of parents to choose the type of education they want for their children, upheld the importance of Catholic schools and defended freedom of inquiry in Catholic colleges and universities. 88. also n. 1241, 1248. 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