5. Leviticus has a journalism degree from Lock Haven University, has written for Nonprofit Management Report, Volunteer Management Report and Healthy Pet, and has worked in the healthcare field. The African crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) is the largest porcupine in the world. Shape The World. Head-Body Length: Male: 172-250 cm, Female: 158-192 cm Height: 100-128 cm Weight: Male: 150-260 kg, Female: 122-182 kg Identification: The coat of the African lion varies from white to yellowish brown. Special “rattle quills” on the tail are relatively short, but very wide and hollow. They have a small head and their body is covered with sharp quills (thick needle-like hairs). Be Her Village. The adult crested porcupine has an average head and body length around 60 to 83 cm (24 to 33 in) long, discounting the tail, and weighs from 13 to 27 kg (29 to 60 lb). It ranges in head-to-rump length from 27.6 to 35.4 inches (70 to 90 centimeters) and is the largest of the African porcupines, ranging from 24.3 to 39.7 pounds (11 to 18 kilograms). The crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata), a typical representative of the Old World porcupines, occurs throughout the south of Europe and North and West Africa. The tips of the quills on the tail are narrow and hollow. It eats bark, roots, fruits, berries and insects. Porcupines aren’t difficult to identify. 808.926.3191 | info@honzoosoc.org | Honolulu Zoo Society © 2020. They gnaw on the bones to sharpen their incisor teeth and to obtain calcium at the same time. Their most recognizable feature is, of course, its quills. It is called a crested porcupine because the back quills can be erected into a crest. http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/hystrix/h._cristata$narrative.html. Crested porcupines have shorter quills on their back and rump sections. The North African crested porcupine is nocturnal. New World porcupines make nests in logs, tree roots, holes in rocks and trees. How Do Porcupines Communicate With Each Other? They are nocturnal and active during the night and are fairly social; sometimes traveling in two’s or three’s. Are Monkey Fingerprints Similar to Human Fingerprints? Females are not sexually mature until they are 9-16 months old and males do not reach sexual maturity until they are 8-18 months old. Porcupines that live in Africa, southeast Asia and southern Europe are classified as Old World, while those who live in South, Central and North America are New World porcupines. African crested Porcupine {Hystrix cristata} - Author: Drew Avery. Diet for porcupines: In terms of food, all species of porcupines are herbivores and vegetables / greens are their staple meals. This rodent is 25 – 29 inches long (63-73 cm) and weighs about 18 – 51 pounds (8-23 kg). The largest rodent in Africa. Sacred Baboons are common throughout northeastern Africa, but are extinct in the Nile region and Egypt, where they originally received their name and were worshiped by the ancient Egyptians. A porcupine has approximately 30,000 quills on its body. They are nocturnal and active during the night and are fairly social; sometimes traveling in two’s or three’s. The crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) is a rodent that most people recognize. Porcupines are slow-moving animals and they use their quills as their defense. In the Mediterranean, it is known from mainland Italy and the island of Sicily, Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia; they are also recorded in Ghana, Libya and along the Egyptian coast. They are very adaptable and can be found in forests, on plantations, in rocky or mountainous areas as well as in deserts. While eating, crested porcupines hold their food with their front teeth and against the ground. When threatened or aggressive, crested porcupines stamp their feet, growl and grunt. When threatened or aggressive, crested porcupines stamp their feet, growl and grunt. They leave the nest or den when their quills or spines are hard which is in about a week. PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS. Relatively larger with longer, heavier quills than Hystrix cristata (North African porcupine… Usually the quills lie flat against the body, but if danger threatens, the porcupine raises and spreads them. The whites on the porcupine’s back start to fade away or diminish after about four weeks. These porcupines find shelter in caves, rock crevices, holes or burrows that they might have dug. African Crested Porcupine (Hystrix cristata) Quill defense Add a photo to this gallery Category List Woodland, grassland, farmland, and even urban environments are all suitable habitats for skunk. The Linne’s two-toed sloth is found in such countries as Nicaragua, Columbia, Venezuela, Surinam, Guyana, French Guiana, North Central Brazil, and Northern Peru. The North African crested porcupine is the largest porcupine on earth. Females usually look for food on their own. Crested porcupines, because they are nocturnal, mate during the night close to the burrow or even inside it. Porcupines range in body length from 15 to 36 inches, and have tails that are 8 to 12 inches long, depending on the species. When born, the young’s quills are white and soft, although they start to become hard within hours. Aloha! The North African crested porcupine is monogamous. The legs are short and the body is stocky. It mostly eats fruit and tough roots, but has been known to scavenge the remains of dead animals. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The eyes and ears are small, compared to the size of the porcupine’s face. The porcupine is identified by its specialized hairs or quills. A tawny-yellow is most common. Their quills can grow as large as 20 inches long on the crested area, which covers the head through the shoulder. The most characteristic physical features are the quills, spines, and bristles. The African crested porcupine is one of the largest rodents in the world, weighing up to 30 kilograms (kg), and growing nearly up to 1 meter (m) in length. Porcupines are the largest and heaviest of all African rodents. The crested porcupines does not climb or jump. The head, body, and (in some species) tail are covered by barb-less spines, which are thick, stiff, sharp modified hairs, as much as 13.8 in (35 cm) in length. The forefoot has four developed claw digits. The quills will often cause a deep infected wound that may prove fatal. The tips of the quills on the tail are narrow and hollow. John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore 1991. There are black and white quills on the neck and back. The spines are thicker in diameter and longer in length than the quills. 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