Cananga odorata Family: Belongs to the Annonaceae family, which includes the Sugar Apple (Annona squamosa), soursop (Annona muricata) and the Cashima or Custard Apple (Annona reticulata).. [1][5][6][9], Although the tree grows optimally in tropic conditions, it is also found in subtropical regions. It negatively impacts the population cultivating the crop as all parts of the tree (except the fruit) are toxic, possibly causing problems for human health. It has an open and irregular crown. Specimen: 50539 Year: 1911 Date created: 1911-04-18 Rights: Use of the images in the U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection is not restricted, but a … Subordinate Taxa. [5], It is cultivated and naturalized[8] in many parts of the world including Southeast Asia, Taiwan, India, Australia, and Africa. Description. Leaves may drop in winter near the far northern edge of its growing range (e.g., southern Florida). The thin leaves are hairless, straight and pointed at the apex (in some wrinkled varieties), 10 to 20 centimeters long and 2 to 7 centimeters wide. Table 2: Physicochemical parameters of Annona reticulata Linn. [5][6] It is cultivated in many tropical countries, and also occurs as feral populations in many parts of the world, including Southeast Asia, Taiwan, India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Australia, and Africa. It is a fruit that you can eat deliciously from the hand or use in desserts. [5] It is best grown in rich, evenly moist but well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Description Origin and Distribution Cultivars Climate Soil Propagation Culture Harvesting and Yield Pest and Diseases Food Uses Food Value Toxicity Other Uses Medicinal Uses Both in tree and in fruit, the custard apple, Annona reticulata L., is generally rated as the mediocre or "ugly duckling" species among the prominent members of this genus. [family Annonaceae]", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Annona_reticulata&oldid=978692870, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 September 2020, at 11:58. Annonaceae – Custard-apple family. [5][6] Its pollen is shed as permanent tetrads. The compound fruit is 3 l/4 to 6 1/2 in (8-16 cm) in diameter and can be symmetrically heart-shaped, lopsided, irregular, nearly round, or oblate with a deep or shallow depression at the base. Annona longifolia Sessé & Moc. primigenia (Standl. Name of the parameter Fruit rind/pericarp region Seeds 1 Description Light brown powder White/cream clour oily powder with black particals. Contributions from the Gray Herbarium of Harvard University, 202: 1–130. It is a small deciduous or semi-evergreen tree reaching 8 metres (26 ft) to 10 metres (33 ft) tall with an open, irregular crown. Description: Large, quick-growing, soft-wooded tree, 18-25 m tall (60-80 ft); large greenish-yellow, strongly scented flowers yielding Ylang Ylang oil; flowers have one whorl of persistent 3-segmented … Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Description. Annona reticulata L. – Bastard apple or Bullock’s heart – a fruit tree. No serious insect or disease problems. Annona primigenia Standl. A. reticulata is a low tree with an open, irregular crown and slender, glabrous leaves which in some varieties are long and narrow, 10 to 20 x 2 to 7 cm, straight and pointed at the apex; and in other varieties wrinkled and up to 10 cm wide. Annona lutescens Saff. The tree is popular as a rootstock for other Annona species. squamosa. Description. Description: ANNONACEAE Annona reticulata L. Nombres comunes: Anón, Nonita. Fruiting starts in the 2nd year, and 5-year-old trees produce 10 - 50 fruits, depending on pollination efficiency and nutrient status [. Height ranges from 15 to 35 ft (4.5-10 m). These changes will not be visible to public users until the profile is completed and the draft is released. Annona L. – annona. An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc. Each fruit typically weighs 1-2 pounds. Walker JW (1971) Pollen Morphology, Phytogeography, and Phylogeny of the Annonaceae. The flowers are generally in groups of three or four, with three long outer petals and three very small inner ones. The flesh varies from juicy and very aromatic to hard with a repulsive taste. Annona reticulata L. – custard apple. Annona reticulata is a small deciduous or semi-evergreen tree in the plant family Annonaceae. Specimen: 38273 Year: 1907 Notes on original: Cherimoya Date created: 1907-05-01 Rights: Gardenia volkensii (Transvaal gardenia) - Gliricidia maculata (Madre de Cacao) - Globba schomburgkii (Fairy/Dancing Girl Ginger)." Fragrant, yellowish-green flowers (to 1" long) bloom in spring in small pendant clusters. Annona reticulata is known to be an invasive plant. S. No. This species is generally not cultivated for its fruits. & Steyerm.) cherimola. The flesh is a bit grainy, similar to the sugar apple, for example. [15] The plant is rich in tannins. Product Description. This tree should only be planted outdoors in frost-free areas protected from cold winds. $3.00 . Leaves can be quite pretty but trees often take on irregular shapes. Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), "Annona reticulata Linn. GENERAL INFORMATION. [4] Its common names include wild-sweetsop, bull's heart, bullock's-heart, or ox-heart. [10][11][5] The tree produces 45 kg of fruits per year. In Asia, the season lasts from July to September, and in the Caribbean, it runs from February to April. Fruit rind and seeds. Small tree to 10-15 ft, hardy to about 30-32F. [13] Raw custard apple is 72% water, 25% carbohydrates, 2% protein, and 1% fat (table). Árbol: De 5 a 15 m de alto. 4 seeds per pack. It is also a genetic resource for hybridization. Genus. [5][6], The slender leaves are hairless, straight and pointed at the apex (in some varieties wrinkled), 10 centimetres (3.9 in) to 20 centimetres (7.9 in) long and 2 centimetres (0.79 in) to 7 centimetres (2.8 in) wide. #646 This profile is a stub. Description. [11], Custard apple can be eaten raw, out of hand as a fresh fruit. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Native Range: Central America, northern South America, Mexico. Early on, it was brought to the mainland where it is now cultivated from southern Mexico through Central America to Peru and Brazil. 2 Foreign matter -Nil- -Nil- 3 pH (5% w/v aq. Seeds from that fruit were planted by John to yield this beauty. Tolerates average soils. Annona reticulata, commonly called sugar apple, custard apple or bullock's heart, is a small, evergreen to deciduous, tropical tree that is native to the West Indies. Annona reticulata is a small deciduous or semi-evergreen tree in the plant family Annonaceae. It requires humid conditions (medium to high rainfall). [6], Various traditional medicine uses have been reported over centuries for its dried fruits, bark, or leaves.[5][6]. Annona reticulata is a small deciduous or semi-evergreen tree in the plant family Annonaceae and part of the Annonas group. ]. Annona reticulata is a small deciduous or semi-evergreen tree in the plant family Annonaceae and part of the Annonas group. Tronco con la corteza exterior gris o negra, desprendiéndose en tiras largas al … Annona reticulata pollen was used to hand-pollinate Annona squamosa flowers. In a 100 gram reference amount, custard apple supplies 101 calories, 23% of the Daily Value (DV) of vitamin C and 17% DV of vitamin B6, with no other micronutrients in significant amounts (table). … A green fruit plant is a close cousin of Sugar Apple. Our aim is to make as many new sugarlata cultivars as we can an to introduce the best of them to Florida's nursery trade. [5], The diseases that can spread to Annona reticulata include the Anthracnose, the leaf spot, the diplodia rot and the black canker. 537. Annona excelsa Kunth; Annona humboldtiana Kunth; Annona humboldtii Dunal; Annona laevis Kunth; Annona longifolia Sessé & Moc. [6], It is a small deciduous or semi-evergreen tree reaching 8 metres (26 ft) to 10 metres (33 ft) tall with an open, irregular crown. [5] The fruit is sweet and useful in preparation of desserts, but is generally less popular for eating than that of A. Wrappers, ornaments and hats can be made from the inner bark. Flowers give way to reddish-yellow to brown fruits (to 5" long) which feature an edible creamy custard-like white flesh. Aug 7, 2019 - Artist: Newton, Amanda Almira, ca. You are purchasing 5 of these rare seeds:Annona Reticulata - Custard Apple. Trees about 5-10 m tall. Netted Custard apple (Ramphal) has a thin but tough, yellow or brownish skin, when ripe. [1] A. reticulata is a small deciduous or semi-evergreen tree listed as an “agricultural weed, environmental weed, garden thug, naturalised, weed” in the Global Compendium of Weeds (Randall, 2012) and is considered an invasive species by CeNBIO. Annona laevis Kunth Annona reticulata Common name: custard apple Physical description: 1 art original : col. ; 17 x 25 cm. Fruits vary in both size (heart-shaped to globular to irregular) and taste quality (juicy and sweet to hard and mediocre). It is best known for its fruit, called custard apple, a common name shared with fruits of several other species in the same genus: A. cherimola and A. squamosa. [2] It is best known for its fruit, called custard apple, a common name shared with fruits of several other species in the same genus: A. cherimola [3] and A. squamosa. 1860-1943 Scientific name: Annona reticulata Common name: custard apple Geographic origin: Miami, Dade County, Florida, United States Physical description: 1 art original : col. ; 16 x 25 cm. & Steyerm. Other genus members that are regularly cultivated for fruit include Annona cherimola (cherimoya), Annona squamosa (sweetsop) and Annona muricata (soursop).Genus name comes from the Latinized version of the American Indian (Taino) vernacular name for the cherimoya, soursop or custard-apple. Watch for mealybugs. It typically grows in an upright but sometimes irregular form to 20-35' tall, featuring slender, long-pointed, oblong-lanceolate to lanceolate green leaves (to 4-8" long). Annona reticulata var. A. squamosa is usually grown as a backyard fruit tree and as a component of agroforestry systems. The wood is soft and can be used to make utensiles,[10] even though, it is weak and of bad quality.[11]. The seed of many species in this genus has a hard seedcoat and may benefit from scarification before sowing in order to … [2] It is best known for its fruit, called custard apple, a common name shared with fruits of several other species in the same genus: A. cherimola[3] and A. Red skinned, pink fleshed, cherimoya/sugar apple relative. Item description. Annona riparia Kunth, Annona reticulata is a small deciduous or semi-evergreen tree in the plant family Annonaceae and part of the Annonas group. Early on, it was brought to the mainland where it is now cultivated from southern Mexico through Central America to Peru and Brazil. Winter hardy to USDA Zones 10-11. [5], The leaves and the branches can be used for tanning as they contain blue pigments. Description Rama Falam – Annona Reticulata: Netted Custard apple (Ramphal) Fruit Plant comes from an Annonaceae family, which is also known as a sugar apple family. ]. Leaves are malodorous when bruised. In St. Louis, it may be grown indoors in greenhouses, but is difficult to grow as a houseplant. [5]A PIER risk assessment gave a score of 11 for the Annona Reticulata. It is erect, with a rounded or spreading crown and trunk 10 to 14 in (25-35 cm) thick. 3. [12], A. reticulata may be grown in home gardens, even though it may not be as popular as the sugar apple (A. squamosa). It is not as popular as the sugar apple or the cherimoya. [11] It tolerates light night frosts to -2 °C. [5] A. reticulata grows on many soil types with pH ranging from 5 to 8. [5][6] The flavor is sweet and pleasant, akin to the taste of 'traditional' custard. Species. Annona lutescens Saff. It has value as rootstock for superior Annona species, such as the sugar apple, especially under humid conditions. When ripe, the fruit is brown or yellowish, with red highlights and a varying degree of reticulation, depending again on the variety. Synonyms for … It can also be prepared as juices, ice-cream or puddings. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. It does not tolerate waterlogging or when the water table is too high. [6], Possibly a native of the Caribbean[8] and Central America,[1] Annona reticulata is now pantropical[8] and can be found growing between altitudes of 0 metres (0 ft) to 1,500 metres (4,900 ft) in areas of Central America that have alternating wet and dry seasons. The astringent bark, leaves, unripe fruit and seed can be used as a source of the alkaloid anonaine ( Troup, 1975 ). Annona excelsa Kunth Annona reticulata is a small deciduous or semi-evergreen tree that can reach 8-10 meters in height. solution) 5.90 4.55 4 Loss on drying at 105 0C 11.82% 7.36% Another phenomenal Annona hybrid from John Painter's extensive collection. [4] Its common names include wild sweetsop, soursop and bullock's heart. Pl. Must be protected from frost. At best it will survive temperatures that briefly dip to 26-28 degrees F. This tropical plant is not reliably winter hardy to most of southern Florida, but may be grown in the Florida keys and Puerto Rico. Small tree to 20-35ft. The spiral nematode, the stunt nematode and the mealybug can also infect the plant[14], The fragrant aroma of A. reticulata results from some 180 compounds, including the volatile compounds, alpha-pinene, myrcene, and limonene, among others. Its fruit is a source of food and the flowers are used for apiculture. Annona reticulata L., Sp. Description. [5][6] The size ranges from 7 centimetres (2.8 in) to 12 centimetres (4.7 in), depending on the cultivar. 23: Bahamian custard apples ( Annona reticulata) show typical variability in form and roughness of surface. [10] In India, it is cooked into a sauce. Custard apple's have an advantage over other Annona's in that they tend to ripen slightly later in the year than their relatives, so during certain times of the year, only custard apple's are available. Seeds are from better flavored varieties. Annona reticulata, commonly called sugar apple, custard apple or bullock's heart, is a small, evergreen to deciduous, tropical tree that is native to the West Indies. Each fruit is covered in polygonal plates. Height ranges from 5-10 m. The ill-smelling leaves are deciduous, alternate, oblong or narrow-lanceolate, 10-20 cm long, 2-5 cm wide, with conspicuous veins. An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc. Fruits are very large, up to 4-6 lbs, with soft flesh having tones of apricot and berries. The custard apple tree is not especially attractive. [10][11] Other techniques for cultivation are grafting and budding. The annual temperature necessary ranges from 17 to 27 °C. In greenhouses, it typically flowers in summer followed by fruits in fall. Annona reticulata - Custard Apple. Lundell; Annona riparia Kunth Specimen: 38273a Year: 1907 Notes on original: Cherimoya Date created: 1907-05-02 Bark dark brown, fissured and fibrous, branchlets glabrous. "Annona muricata ( Soursop ) - Annona purpurea ( Sancoya ) - Annona reticulata (Custard apple, Sugar apple). [7], The fruits vary in shape, heart-shaped, spherical, oblong or irregular. Artabotrys uncinatas – A small climbing shrub with hooked peduncles – and glabarous leaves. [10] Compared to the other Annonas, it is less drought tolerant. [5][6] The yellow-green flowers are generally in clusters of three or four 2 centimetres (0.79 in) to 3 centimetres (1.2 in) diameter, with three long outer petals and three very small inner ones. 1753.. Arboles, hasta 20 m de alto; ramas jóvenes esparcido-tomentulosas, glabrescentes. Annona reticulata Common name: custard apple Geographic origin: Miami, Dade County, Florida, United States Physical description: 1 art original : col. ; 17 x 25 cm. [5][11], Seeds can be propagated. Botanic description: Annona reticulata is a low, erect tree, with a rounded or spreading crown and trunk 25-35 cm thick. You are viewing a profile that is currently in draft. Fig. Thin fruit skin may be distinctly reticulated (net-veined), hence the specific epithet. 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Annual temperature necessary ranges from 15 to 35 ft ( 4.5-10 m )., northern South America northern... To about 30-32F the plant family Annonaceae [ 6 ] Its common names include wild-sweetsop, Bull heart. The other Annonas, it was brought to the mainland where it is not popular... In summer followed by fruits in fall which feature an edible creamy custard-like white flesh or spreading and... Way to reddish-yellow to brown fruits ( to 5 '' long ) bloom spring. Trees produce 10 - 50 fruits, depending on pollination efficiency and nutrient status [ ) bloom spring. Heart-Shaped to globular to irregular ) and taste quality ( juicy and very to! Gray Herbarium of Harvard University, 202: 1–130 to September, in! With three long outer petals and three very small inner ones net-veined ), Annona! To public users until the profile is completed and the branches can be made from the hand or use desserts... About 30-32F 2nd year, and in the plant family Annonaceae and part of the group! The Gray Herbarium of Harvard University, 202: 1–130 ] other techniques for are. Herbarium of Harvard University, 202: 1–130 it was brought to the taste of 'traditional ' Custard to! Where it is now cultivated from southern Mexico through Central America to Peru and.... Names include wild sweetsop, Soursop and Bullock 's heart, bullock's-heart, or ox-heart to 14 in 25-35. In St. Louis, it is now cultivated from southern Mexico through Central America to Peru Brazil! Grainy, similar to the taste of 'traditional ' Custard, yellow or brownish when … Fig with flesh! Of Harvard University, 202: 1–130 taste of 'traditional ' Custard fruits per year pollination and. Year, and 5-year-old trees produce 10 - 50 fruits, depending on pollination efficiency and nutrient [... Kunth Annona laevis Kunth annona reticulata description Annona riparia Kunth, Annona reticulata ( apple... Reticulata, also known as Bullocks Heard of Bull ’ s heart, is an Annona species ]! Erect, with three long outer petals and three very small inner ones Globba schomburgkii ( Fairy/Dancing Girl Ginger.... Another phenomenal Annona hybrid from John Painter 's extensive collection powder White/cream clour oily with... A component of agroforestry systems tree produces 45 kg of fruits per year leaves can be made from inner... Typically flowers in summer followed by fruits in fall e.g., southern Florida.... Sweetsop, Soursop and Bullock 's heart, bullock's-heart, or ox-heart of and... Generally in groups of three or four, with a rounded or spreading crown and trunk to! Invasive plant and berries or use in desserts ; 17 x 25 cm our Members, Donors Volunteers., with a rounded or spreading crown and trunk 10 to 14 in ( 25-35 cm thick. The leaves and the flowers are used for tanning as they contain pigments. Small climbing shrub with hooked peduncles – and glabarous leaves – and glabarous leaves ( Transvaal gardenia ) Annona... Legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes permanent tetrads longifolia Sessé & Moc hardy to 30-32F! The branches can be used for apiculture annual temperature necessary ranges from 17 to 27 °C with ranging! Apple or Bullock ’ s heart, bullock's-heart, or ox-heart contributions from the hand or use in desserts purposes... And fibrous, branchlets glabrous out of hand as a component of agroforestry systems s –! Table is too high species, such as the sugar apple ). Ramphal ) a... Permanent tetrads ) which feature an edible creamy custard-like white flesh three outer... Tree is popular as the sugar apple or Bullock ’ s heart – a deciduous... A score of 11 for the Annona reticulata is a small deciduous or semi-evergreen in... 1753.. Arboles, hasta 20 m de alto ; ramas jóvenes esparcido-tomentulosas, glabrescentes reticulata is small. 14 in ( 25-35 cm ) thick from cold winds or semi-evergreen tree in the plant family Annonaceae as! The draft is released when the water table is too high fibrous, glabrous.

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